On my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each one.

Tall barbed cable fences preventing access beneath each bridge that is major.

And guard homes at each tunnel portal.

I stumbled upon a railfan that is russian, in which the basis for these protection measures had been mentioned.

VeschiiOleg penned: as an example, the method of any bridge that is serious enclosed with an area of alienation with barbed cable, indications and armed guards.

Vlad wrote: We photograph the railway bridge, as an example. The ВОХРовец is approaching us and politely is interested, but on which foundation are you currently using these pictures?

VeschiiOleg published: ВОХРовец, based on the statute regarding the guard solution they don’t have legal rights to leave the center, those due to the territory he must not keep. But to call the police – easily. And then they will be right if on the fence, there are inscriptions about the prohibition of filming.

What exactly will be the ВОХРовец? It’s an abbreviation for Военизированная охрана – also known as Ведомственная охрана, Russian-language Wikipedia defines them because:

Specialised state departmental armed devices accountable for protecting structures, structures, cars, and cargo from illegal attacks. They will have the ability to utilize armed forces and solution firearms, along with solution dogs, handcuffs, plastic batons, and spike strips utilized to prevent cars. Officials of state departmental security (established by federal state figures) have actually the ability to set up protocols on administrative offences, execute individual queries, inspect products belonging to individuals, inspect automobiles and other procedural actions founded because of the Code of Administrative Offences of this Russian Federation.

The Russian Railways are protected by the «Ведомственная охрана железнодорожного транспорта Российской Федерации» (Departmental safety provider of Railway Transport regarding the Russian Federation) – who describe by themselves as a result:

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection regarding the Federal Agency for Railway Transport” carries down its activities based on the Resolution for the federal Government for the Russian Federation of 27, 2009, No. 540 “On Approval of this legislation on Departmental Protection for the Federal Agency for Railway Transport. june”

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of Railway Transport associated with the Russian Federation” for almost 90 years has guaranteed the security regarding the cargo being transported, the security of things together with fire security of railway transport within the passions associated with continuing state, residents while the business “RZhD” all across the metal highways from Kaliningrad to Sakhalin.

Today the departmental security for the railway transport has 68,000 workers, with more than 2400 items of railway infrastructure protected, including significantly more than 1900 most crucial people.

A lot more than 400 fire inspectors perform fire prevention at fixed facilities and rolling stock. In constant readiness for action are 307 fire trains, including 67 specialised, with an increase of capabilities that are tactical eradicate emergencies with dangerous items.

Additionally they showcase their work protecting bridges that are major.

Along with railway tunnels.

So just why are such security that is extensive set up?

Somebody on A russian railway forum asked equivalent concern, and got different explanations:

Kirill N.Kravchenko the known undeniable fact that the railway bridges are incredibly heavily guarded is understandable, no one doubts this is certainly necessary. But I’ve constantly wondered: exactly why are car bridges not too zealously protected?

Victor Mikhailov in the case of any sort of accident regarding the train such as for instance connection collapse, the results will undoubtedly be a great deal more significant in comparison to a road connection. Any vehicle could have time for you ahead stop seeing of this barrier. In addition road bridges are a lot more many than rail connection, so it will be impractical to protect all the bridges (how to locate a lot of guards).

Novikov S.V. It really is easier for road automobiles to locate a detour, or engineering troops can erect a pontoon bridge that is temporary. Blowing up a railway bridge means paralysis that is complete of path through to the connection is wholly restored.

Sura i realize that people are dealing with “big” unique bridges. Standard railway bridge throughout the little river should be restored in a really brief area from pre-prepared sets. Actually, that is why they’re not protected.

But this article that is russian-language Евразия Вести suggests a more most most likely reason – Soviet-era paranoia.

After the October Revolution railway facilities of strategic importance had been beneath the security for the department that is military protection of “external purchase, deanery and general general public protection” ended up being completed by elements of the railway guard additionally the authorities. Cargoes, home and methods had been beneath the care of watchmen, who had been in complete subordination to those whoever good that they had protected.

The protection of railways and the increase of their efficiency” in order to strengthen the leadership, in March 1918 a special decree was adopted “On the centralisation of management. The Office of Protection was established by the decree of the government of July 17 of the same year, under the People’s Commissariat of Railways ( NKPS.

The squad on the floor included transportation specialists. They fought decisively against stowaways and the ones whom attempted to transport items without re re re payment, along with monitoring the effectiveness of rolling stock usage. It had been envisaged to improve the true wide range of security staff to 70 thousand people.

The authorities could not tolerate theft and chaos regarding the railways. Looters slice the telegraph cables. Profiteers swarmed trains, like locusts. Concealed had been robbers, bandits as well as other criminal element.

The NKPS ended up being obligated to just take measures that are extreme. During the stations, warehouses, warehouses temporarily formed non-military protection. In terms of bridges as well as other structures perhaps not guarded by troops, along with railway songs, they went beneath the tutelage of regional authorities, which formed out of brigade workers.

Some few propaganda videos

A video clip through the Voronezh branch to mark 95 several years of railway guards, whom protect the Southern Eastern Railway.

And through the Samara branch, whom protect the railway connection on the Volga River in the Kuybyshev Railway.


Ministry of Railways associated with USSR directive«Типовые that is no-298y по оборудованию инженерными средствами охраны на искусственных сооружениях, охраняемых военизированной охраной МПС» (Typical solutions for equipping engineering facilities for security on man-made structures protected by paramilitary security for the Ministry of Railways) dated 2 February 1990 details the fencing criteria around limited areas.

Prior to clause 2.1.1, the boundaries associated with area that is restricted protected by way of a barbed cable fence (tape or inter inter net) in 12 threads 2 m extreme. Within the surface, they have been designated by indicators 2 m high above the bottom surface, installed across the fence line through the inside through every 50 meters within the enclosure regarding the limited area can be arranged gates and wickets. Prior to clause 2.2.3, regarding the view articles, led (rotary) floodlights associated with PFS type (without contacts) or other narrow-beam floodlights are made to increase the equipping regarding the surface away from limited area. According to paragraph 4.1, articles when it comes to security of synthetic structures.

Whilst the «По организации работы караулов ФГП ВО ЖДТ РФ» (process of organising the actions of Departmental protection provider of Railway Transport of this Russian Federation) dated 21 September 2010 specifies one other safety features pretty brides site needed.

In accordance with clause 2.4.1 for the manual a security system is made to produce security for the object that is protected which include: guard, articles, sales, areas and roads, surveillance sectors, engineering and technical method of security, articles of solution dogs, means and other forces. Gear posts should offer the guard: an adequate summary of all chapters of the post as well as the surrounding area; enough lighting for the methods to the item, its most critical points; lack of illumination (blinding) by lighting systems of safety gear and guards; the likelihood of centralised handling of the whole illumination system or a small grouping of fixtures, as well as in necessary instances, split lamps (projectors).

Gear of limited areas includes: their fencing, checkpoint, indicators, indicative and delimiting indications, a security illumination system, technical protection gear, postal interaction and signalling, guard posts, protective structures. Depending on the nature regarding the item as well as the conditions of its location, the fence is made round the perimeter regarding the web site in addition to boundaries regarding the limited areas. When erecting a fence, it should be taken into consideration it needs to be rectilinear, without unneeded bends restricting observation, no less than one . 5 meters in height. To it must not adjoin any structures. When you look at the darkness regarding the time, the ways to the post plus the protected item ought to be illuminated so your sentry, being in the post or going across the website associated with the post, was at the color. Relative to the procedure that is established safety illumination should provide lighting during the edges.

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